Egypt’s culture and customs are truly the perfect fusion of many of the other cultures and traditions. Here traditions introduced by pharaohs is as prevalent as the tribal cultures like the nomadic Bedouin, and even the customs of invaders can be seen present amidst modern Egypt.
Egypt is a melting pot, where multiple cultures and ethnic traditions have created a new concept of living and a mentality that embraces new and advanced thinking that creates a liberal ambiance all around.
This is on display in Egyptians’ friendly behavior toward foreigners and tourists. If asked, the people of Egypt will always share their service and enthusiasm with the people whom hardly they know. In Egypt, with its excellent travel attractions and cultural ambiance, the smiling faces of the locales are an added charm. These simple interactions can be the best part of the visit to Egypt and will remain with you as a memory forever. The Egyptian culture immerses you into the traditions, languages, historic civilizations of ancient kingdoms.
For almost 13 centuries Arabic has been the written and spoken language of Egypt. Before the Arab invasion, Coptic, the language descended from ancient Egyptian Hieratic, was the language of both religious and everyday life for the mass of the population; by the 12th century, however, it had been totally replaced by Arabic, continuing only as a liturgical language. Arabic has become the language of both the Egyptian Christian and Muslim. The written form of the Arabic language, in grammar and syntax, has remained substantially unchanged since the 7th century. In other ways, however, the written language has changed the modern forms of style, word sequence, and phraseology are simpler and more flexible than in classical Arabic and are often directly derivative of English or French.
While Christianity was the main religion in Egypt between the Fourth and Sixth Centuries it now only makes up about ten percent of the population. Islam is the most practiced religion of Egyptians and governs their personal, political, economic and legal lives. Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day – at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening. The exact time is listed in the local newspaper each day. Friday is the Muslim holy day. Everything is closed, many companies also close on Thursday, making the weekend Thursday and Friday. During the holy month of Ramadan, all Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk and are only permitted to work six hours per day. Fasting includes no eating, drinking, cigarette smoking, or gum chewing. Each night at sunset, families, and friends gather together to celebrate the breaking of the fast. The festivities often continue well into the night. In general, things happen more slowly during Ramadan with many businesses operate on a reduced schedule. Shops may be open and closed at unusual times so it’s important to adjust accordingly if you plan to visit during that time.
The Egyptians were one of the first major civilizations to have consistent stylised design elements in art and architecture. The wall paintings done in the service of the Pharaohs followed a rigid code of visual rules and meanings. Egyptian civilization is renowned for its colossal pyramids, colonnades, and monumental tombs. While modern and contemporary Egyptian art can be as diverse as any works in the world art scene.
Egypt’s media and arts industry has continued to flourish since the late nineteenth century. Today with more than thirty satellite channels and over one hundred motion pictures produced each year. Cairo has long been known as the “Hollywood of the Middle East”. The Cairo International Film Festival has been rated as one of 11 festivals with a top class rating worldwide by the International Federation of Film Producers’ Associations.
Egypt is one of the boldest countries in the middle east in the music industry. The new rising talents are taking over as they mix different genres of many different cultures. Western elements of rock and metal are prevailing widely in Egypt now, as much as pop, jazz and indigenous folk music all blended with Mediterranean, African, Asian elements.