Located near the mouth of Nile River, Egypt’s modern capital is a busy, bustling metropolis with a long and turbulent history. Modern Cairo is a popular starting point for travelers who wish to explore the treasures of Tutankhamun, mummies, and other artifacts from Egypt’s ancient past.

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Cairo’s an ancient city that also happens to be a modern metropolis. With a name that means “the victorious city” Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa and has the traffic and noise to prove it. Cairo has been settled for more than 6,000 years, serving as the capital of numerous ancient Egyptian kingdoms. Cairo is known locally as “Misr,” which is the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality to Egyptian life.  

A staple in ancient Egypt civilization, Cairo will play a large part in any trip to Egypt. With the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis located in its geographical area. As long as you’re not looking for solitude, Cairo is a splendid place to explore Egyptian history and culture. The center of downtown Cairo is Tahrir Square, which is located along the east bank of the Nile. A hub of tourist activity, the vast and open square contains numerous attractions including museums, mosques, bazaars, hotels, restaurants, and a bustling nightlife.

Cairo is the principal commercial and industrial center of Egypt. Local industries manufacture everything from cotton textiles, and food products, to vehicles, aircraft, and chemical fertilizers. Cairo is also a center for government activities and service industries.  Cairo contains many cultural institutions, business, and corporate headquarters, governmental offices, and universities, which together create a busy stream of constant activity for it’s 9 million population.

Cairo is chaos at its most magnificent and infuriating. The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, both the ancient and the modern.

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