Interesting Facts of Peru

Peru is a country known for its ancient ruins, colorful textiles, and incredible culture but there is so much more to learn about the home of Machu Picchu.

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Peru may literally have it all; deep rich history and culture, dramatic landscapes, mystery and adventure, unimaginable architectural, nature and wildlife not found anywhere else on Earth, bright vibrant people, and amazing food. With all, there is to do and discover its easy to get overwhelmed but sometimes it the odd and unusual that can be the most memorable.


  • There are over 3,000 different kinds of potato grown in Peru.
  • Peru also grows more than 55 varieties of corn. Colors ranging from yellow, pink, purple, black, and white.
  • Sechura Desert in the south of Peru is home to Cerro Blanco the highest sand dune in the world.
  • Cotahusai Canyon in Peru is the deepest canyon in the world at 10,605 feet, which is twice the depth of the Grand Canyon.
  • The Amazon River, the longest river in the world starts in Peru.
  • The Andes is home to the Giant Andean condor, the largest flying bird in the world with a wingspan of 14 feet.
  • On the topic of birds, Peru is a bird-watchers and ornithologist dream with over 1,800 species.
  • There are penguins in Paracas, Peru.
  • And Pink Dolphins in the Amazon River.
  • Peru is home to the tallest flowering plant in the world. The Puya Raimondii can take over a century to bloom once before dying.
  • Peruvian Coati Dung Coffee is the most expensive coffee in the world. Collected from the dung of a long-nosed cousin of the raccoon, whose digestive tract strips the bitter proteins and partially ferments the beans. They are then collected, washed, roasted, and exported.
  • Iquitos, Peru is the largest city in the world inaccessible by road. It’s located deep in the Amazon rainforest and has over 400,000 people.
  • In 1600, a volcano eruption in Peru caused a famine that killed about 2 million people in Russia.
  • There are 1459 people in Peru named after Star Wars characters.
  • In Cuzco cathedral in Peru, there’s a painting of the Last Supper in which Jesus and the disciples are about to eat a roast guinea pig.
  • There’s a 10 ft (3m) wall in Lima, Peru, that separates one of the wealthiest neighborhoods from one of the poorest.

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