Peruvian culture is a wonderful mix of Hispanic and native traditions. The Quechua and the Aymara are the two main native civilizations of Peru, these Inca descendants have successfully preserved and developed their proud cultures despite the creeping in of globalization.
The earliest inhabitants arrived there around 15,000 years ago with societies emerging on the west coast more than 5,000 years ago and then began to spread inland. These included the Chavín, the Nasca, and the Moche.
The most well known Peruvian cultures were the Inca, who lived in Peru around 600 years ago. Their capital, Cusco, is still a major city today. The Inca built the famous and mysterious city Machu Picchu in the Andes. where they thrived for centuries before being conquered by the Spanish in 1532.
A country of all races, the people of Peru are a fusion of many different cultures. From Andean origins, invading Spaniards and other European influences, descendants of African slaves, and Asians from the east. All these shaped the complex Peruvian identity into what it is today: rich values and a diverse spirit, with both Andean roots and a strong foreign influence.
Peruvian customs have developed and morphed from the mixture of so many different cultures. Peru has a rich and diverse folklore and an extensive diversity of musical and dance styles, which mix indigenous tradition and energy with Hispanic influences, as well as modern styles that have evolved with the changes and tastes of the modern age.