Ollantaytambo, called Ollanta by locals is a town in the Sacred Valley of the Incas near Cusco in the Southern Sierra region of Peru. Famous for its ruins, Ollantaytambo is where the Incas retreated after the Spanish took Cusco.
Located among the snow-capped mountains Ollantaytambo is a village in the Sacred Valley and known for its ruins. Once a stronghold, Ollantaytambo is where the Incas retreated to after the Spanish took Cusco. Much of the town is laid out in the same ways as in Inca times, such as its gridded cobblestoned streets and adobe buildings. Including a massive Inca fortress with large stone terraces on a hillside and the ancient princess bath fountain located within the complex.
Settled in the Urubamba valley, sometimes called the “Sacred Valley of the Incas,” Ollantaytambo lies about midway between Cuzco and Machu Picchu. The site is one of the best surviving examples of a planned Inca town and is the only major Inca town in which the structures have been continuously inhabited since before the Conquest. During the Spanish conquest, the forces of Manco Inca defeated the Spanish at Ollantaytambo.
Ollantaytambo was built around 1440 AD by the Inca Emperor Pachacuti as an estate. Archaeologists believe Ollantaytambo was built upon the ruins of a far older city and are not sure of the origins of that city. One of the most fascinating places in Ollantaytambo is the Gateway of the Gods, which was built several thousand years before the Inca arrived. According to researchers, it was built by a culture called the Urin Pacha, that name was given because researchers have no idea who they were where they came from or where they went. With evidence that the earliest parts of Ollantaytambo date to at least 12,000 years old, if not older.