Russia does tend to have cold and wet winters, but contrary to popular belief Russian summers can be incredibly hot and humid, especially in cities like St Petersburg. Of course, weather is hard to predict, but a general understanding of the climate can be incredibly useful when packing and planning activities. No matter the climate the single most important clothing item in your luggage should be comfortable shoes as Moscow and Saint Petersburg are made to be explored on foot. Russians are also very stylish and like to dress up, If you are planning to go out in the evening, like a theatre play, a dinner at a fancy restaurant, or a night out in a club will require getting dressed up. For women pack a shawl and a skirt for those days when you are planning to visit churches. Women have to wear skirts below the knee and put on shawls on their heads when entering a church, while men have to remove any hats.